Your Tour Operator will know which of the 3 types of Hajj your group will be performing and will advise you before the trip and, most importantly, at every step of the journey once you get there. You don’t need to be an expert on every aspect and risk losing the essence of what your trip is about. You will be advised and be able to ask questions throughout. The three ways of performing the Hajj:
Hajj al-Tamatt’u (interrupted)
Hajj al-Qiran (combined)
Hajj al-Ifrad (single)
This means entering into Ihram for the Umrah during the months of Hajj, i.e., the months of Shawwal, Dhul-Q’idah and the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah; to take off Ihram after performing the Umrah, and then to take Ihram again for the Hajj from Mecca on the 8th day of Dhul-Hijjah during the same year in which the Umrah was performed.
This denotes entering into Ihram for both the Umrah and the Hajj at the same time, not taking off the ihram until the day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah). Alternatively, one may first enter into Ihram for the Umrah, and before beginning one’s tawaf may make the intention of Ihram for the Hajj as well.
This signifies donning Ihram for the Hajj either from the prescribed Station of Ihram (al-miqat), from Mecca if one resides there, or from a place in between al-miqat and Mecca.
Ihram = the distinctive garments of male pilgrims worn during Hajj and Umrah. Consisting of two pieces of white cloth, which are plain and unsewn. One piece is wrapped around midriff to cover his body above his navel to his ankles, the other is draped over the left shoulder to cover the rest of the body. Women are able to wear any modest garments.
Marwah = a small knoll locatated approximately 150 yards from Kabba. The pilgrim performs the devotional rite of Sai between the knolls of Safa and Marwah.
Sai = the walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah. This act retraces the footsteps of Hajar the wife of Prophet Ibrahim during her desperate search for water for her son Ismail after they were left alone in the desert.
Talbiyah = recital of:
“Labbayka Allahumma Labbayk. Labbayka La Shareeka Laka Labbayk.
Innal-hamda wan-n’imata Laka Wal-mulk La Shareeka Lak”
(Here I am at your service. O Lord, here I am. Here I am. No partner do you have. Here I am. Truly, the praise and the favour is yours, and the dominion. No partner do you have.)
Tawaf = going around the Kaaba while reciting prayers.
Zam Zam water = comes from the original spring when Ismail’s foot struck the ground. The water has been running ever since.
Again, remember your Tour Operator will be giving you advice and guidance before your trip and during your stay and other pilgrims will be there to help you when you need it too. Don’t over worry about every detail, some of which is very difficult to imagine until you get there. However, we do recommend you read the following Safety notes - click here